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残疾人的心理康复——听觉篇
http://richsolis.com 作者: 来源:北京快三_北京快三一定牛|娱乐网页版
 1.听力残疾人的感知觉有哪些特点?

  ⑴tingliquexianshiwutideshengyintexingdebudaofanying: zheijiushitingliquexianzheshiquleduiwaibushijieyizhongzhongyaoshuxingderenshi,suoxiaolerenshikeguanshijiedefanwei。shengyintexingwangwanghaishirenshishiwuqitatexingdexiansuo(rujiqiyunzhuandeshengyinfanyinglejiqidexingnengshifouzhengchang),tinglisangshidejieguo,wuyijiangdaozhizheileixiansuodenanyiliyong。 ⑵tingliquexianduiqitaganjuedefazhanchanshenglexiaojideyingxiang: liru,qiansulianxuezheж·n·shifusuozuodeshijuefanyingshijiandeshiyanbiaoming,congxiaoxueyinianjizhiwunianji,tinglicanjiertongdeshijuefanyingsudujunbizhengchangertongman。nianjiyuedi,erzhejiandechajuyueda。tongyang,tingliquexianduichujue、yunjue、zhendongjueyedouchanshenglehuodahuoxiaodexiaojiyingxiang。rendeganjuenengli,huiyinjingchangshiyongerdedaojiaqiang,biandelingmin。danshi,zheibushimouzhongganjuequeshideziranjieguo,yigegezhongganjuewanhaoderen,ruoduimouzhongganjueyejingchangdishiyong,zeganshoulitongyanghuibiandelingminqilai。suoyi,yizhongganjuedequeshihelingyizhongganjuedejiaqiangzhijianmeiyouyinguoguanxi。 ⑶tingliquexianyingxianglezhijuedewanzhengxing: ganjuehezhijueshiliangzhongbutongeryoubukefengedexinliguocheng。ganjuefanyingwutidegebieshuxing,zhijuefanyingwutidequanju。ganjueshizhijuedejichu,zhijuedewanzhengxingqujueyuganjuecailiaodefengfuchengdu。tinglicanjirendezhijuexingxiang,qizhuyaowanfenshishijuexingxiang,erbunengxingchengshitingjiehedezonghexingxiang。danyouxiexinlixuejiadeshiyanyanjiubiaoming,tinglicanjiertongdeshijuejiaotonglingyoutinglideertonggengzhoumixizhi,tamenguanchaminrui,shijuebiaoxiangwanzheng、qingxi,gengjiejinshiwu,zheishishizhijueduiyuerlongdetebiebuchangzuoyong。tinglicanjiertongdeshizhijuechangchangzaizhijuexijieshangchaoguotonglingzhengchangertong,danzaigaikuonenglishangluohouyutonglingzhengchangertong。zheikenengyutamendezhijueguochengqueshaoyuyandezuzhi,yinernanyiduizhiguanxingxiangjinxingzonghehegaikuoyouguan。

  2.tinglicanjirendejiyiyoushenmetedian?

  ⑴听力残疾人的一般记忆特点: 主要表现在对语文材料的记忆上,其显著特点就是记得慢,忘得快。造成这样特点的原因主要有三方面: ① 与听力残疾人的感知特点有关。北京快三知道,语言的交际功能是通过语音这种物质形式作用于人的言语分析器而实现的。听力损失便无法感知或不能清晰地感知语言的声音刺激,这样就失去了一条最重要、最经常的感知语言的途径。从而使语言材料的记忆不牢固、不精确。此外,缺乏语言听觉与言语动觉的神经联系,发音得不到听觉的监督,调节机能大大削弱,发音不准确,记忆也不准确。②与记忆的方法有关。语言发展的迟缓是听力残疾所造成的最大限制。听力残疾的儿童,自幼未能习得语言,对语言的理解极差,因而对语言文字材料,多半采用机械识记法。以回

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